As the Dodo had no natural enemies it lost the ability to fly. When people came to Mauritius in the 16th century, it was eaten as food. It was often attacked by dogs that the people introduced and became extinct in the 17th century.
A relative of the cow, the Bluebuck had blue hair. It was hunted in great numbers for its beautiful hide by Europeans, who came to South Africa in the 17th century, and it became extinct by around the year 1800.
When the number of settlers in the Falklands grew, the Falkland Islands Wolf was eliminated as a pest that would attack sheep. Because it was unafraid of people, it was said to be easily killed with weapons or poison. It became extinct at the end of the 19th century.
The Caribbean Monk Seal did not have good quality fur or tasty meat, and was therefore not hunted. However, as the Caribbean became a popular holiday destination, many hotels were built close to the sea and the seal lost places to look after its young. It became extinct midway through the 20th century.
The Bonin Wood Pigeon is a member of the pigeon family that was only found in the Bonin Islands. Its numbers probably declined due to the introduction of cats and rats to the islands and deforestation. It became extinct near the end of the 19th century.