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  • English name
    African Wild Ass
  • ClassificationPerissodactyla, Equidae
  • Scientific nameEquus Africanus

African Wild Ass
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The African Wild Ass is considered as the ancestor of domesticated donkeys. They have been deprived of water and grass because of an increase in domesticated livestock put out to pasture. Now, they are on the brink of extinction.

Size & Weight (Adult)

Body length: 200cm
Tail length: 45cm
Weight: 200 to 250kg

(Source: Doubutsu Sekai-isan* Red Data Animals Kodansha) (*World Animal Heritage)

Where they live

The African Wild Ass lives in Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia.

What they eat

The African Wild Ass eats hard, dry plants most other animals do not eat.

What they are like

The African Wild Ass is suited for life in the desert, capable of going on for up to three days without drinking water.

Find out more about the African Wild Ass!

Fighting over scarce amounts of water and grass with domesticated livestock?!
The African Wild Ass is considered as the ancestor of domesticated donkeys. They are believed to have lived over a broad area of North Africa. However, as more and more domesticated livestock such as cattle and sheep were put out to graze where the African Wild Ass lived, the animals had to fight for their water and grass, resources that have always been scarce in supply. Obviously, farmers would chase the African Wild Ass away on sight from their pastures, depriving them of water and grass, and causing their number to decrease. Today, the African Wild Ass can only be found in three countries in North Africa.

Increasing danger caused by left-over weapons
In addition to their struggle with domesticated livestock to secure food and water, the African Wild Ass also became a hunted animal for consumption and medicine. Many dangerous weapons found their way into the homeland of the African Wild Ass due to the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. There is a concern that these weapons will be used more often from now on to hunt more of the African Wild Ass. Currently, there is a protection program in progress to move the African Wild Ass into a protected area of Israel.

Reference

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  • Part6 "Non-native species?! Abandoned pets cause environmental destruction??"
  • Part7 "Protect endangered animals from poaching!"

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