All over the world there are many water buffalo used as farm animals. And this is the reason that the Indian Water Buffalo has almost gone away.
Body length: 240-300cm
Tail length: 60-100cm
(Source: Doubutsu Sekai-isan* Red Data Animals Kodansha) (*World Animal Heritage)
The Water buffalo lives on grassy plains through Nepal, India and Bangladesh.
The Water Buffalo loves his grass. When there is no grass, he chomps on tree leaves.
Out of the ox family, the Indian Water Buffalo is the biggest. He has beautiful horns, and when tigers come to attack, the Indian Water Buffalo can beat them!
What the Indian Water Buffalo does
People and the Indian Water Buffalo have a long history together, about 1,000 years. Water buffalo have super power to carry heavy loads and help work the rice fields. Also, water buffalo make meat and milk, and their horns and hide (skin) can be used to make seals, shoes, and so on. Today, water buffalo are very important for human survival.
More cattle, less wildlife?!
People worry because more cattle equal less Indian Water Buffalo. One reason Indian Water Buffalo are so few is because of too many cattle (farm animals). There are too many cattle eating grass in the plains, and so the Indian Water Buffalo has none. Plus, there are too many calves (babies) from wild water buffalo and cattle. So, there are very few pure wild Indian Water Buffalo remaining.
If you click the words above, you can see other animals related to this one.