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Javan Rhinoceros

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  • English name
    Javan Rhinoceros
  • ClassificationPerissodactyla Rhinocerotidae
  • Scientific nameRhinoceros sondaicus

Javan Rhinoceros
Click the image to expand

Looking at a Javan Rhinoceros is like looking at a dinosaur. Hunted for its horns, and a victim of a deforesting, the Javan Rhinoceros faces a serious threat of extinction.

Size & Weight (Adult)

Body length: 300 to 320 cm
Tail length: 70 cm
Weight: 1500 to 2000 kg

(Source: Doubutsu Sekai-isan* Red Data Animals Kodansha) (*World Animal Heritage)

Where they live

They live on the Indonesian island of Java. Some might also still survive in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.

What they eat

They eat trees leaves, bark and branches. They may also eat fruits that have fallen to the ground from trees.

What they are like

They have the smallest horn of all rhinoceroses. Many females do not even have a horn. Even so, they are endlessly hunted for their horns.

Find out more about the Javan Rhinoceros!

The most endangered of all rhinoceros?!
The Javan Rhinoceros is big and strong, and looking at one may remind of you a dinosaur. Their armor-plated skin looks similar to the Indian Rhinoceros, but the Javan Rhinoceros is a bit slimmer. Of all species of Rhinoceroses, the Javan Rhinoceros has the highest risk of becoming extinct. Their homeland is disappearing because of deforestation, and people often hunt them for their horns, so their population has become very small. Some people believe that their horns can be used to make special medicine.

Let's preserve its natural habitat!
Right now, the last 40 to 60 Javan Rhinoceroses which we know to still be alive are in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java. Preservation activities have been carried out at Ujung Kulon, but since all of the rhinoceroses are together in just one location, there is a danger of them being wiped out in a single disaster or outbreak of disease. Because the threat of extinction is so critical, some of these animals will need to be removed and taken to a new safe location.


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  • Part4 "Deforestation - building roads destroys animals"
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