Measuring Instruments

Giving Shape to Ideas

Precise Color Communication

Two red balls are shown at left. At first glance they look the same, but upon closer examination you realize they are different in several ways. The color of both is red, but the color of the upper ball is somewhat brighter and the color of the lower ball is thus darker. Also, the color of the upper ball appears vivid. So you can see that even though they both appear red, the colors of the two balls are different. When colors are classified, they can be expressed in terms of their hue (color), lightness (brightness), and saturation (vividness).

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